Official myself, responsible for a federation of unions strongly implanted in the public service of State and territorial public service, I chose to become official and advocate in a trade union organization because I think that the public service is there to meet the needs of our society, defending the general interest and raise high the values of the Republic, especially those of solidarity and equality. As my colleagues I am proud and I am tired of hear say, be it in the media or in the mouths of politicians that public service is archaic, it is more used to much and, of course, that it costs too much to a State presented as in near bankruptcy. It is well precisely to dÃ©-construire this devalorisateur speech and fight misconceptions about the public service and its agents that I wanted to enter the heart of the matter, without circumventing the difficulties, starting directly from the recurrent questions about officials. All data mentioned in the book are taken from public data and official statistics. Thus, you can hear the envi that there are too many officials and that they cost too much to the nation, that they are too absentee, still on strike and that they work less than employees in the private sector, they are, and their unions with them, hostile to any reform in nature. On the excessive number of staff and their costs to our society, remember that if the number of public officials has experienced an increase of 26.2%, total employment rose by 13.6% and the population grew by 12.5%, this demographic growth based on one of the highest birth rates in Europe, coupled with a life expectancy that lengthens create (home of young children needseducation, support for the elderly. . ) which involve public intervention to guarantee access to essential services. Furthermore, the employment rate in the Government in France is 90 per 1000 inhabitants, at the same level as that of the United Kingdom, when it is between 140 and 160 to 1000 in the Nordic countries. As to the cost of the public service and public services, in 1978 nine points of GDP were affected to the remuneration of public officials (State and local governments) against 9.8 points in 2000 and 9.3 in 2011, an increase of 0.3 of a point over a period of 33 years. Countdown of this dominant discourse, the State and local authorities aren’t the actors of economic and social life, through financing and the construction of major infrastructure? We talk about cost but would it not better to speak of investment and recognize the role in the functioning of our economy, whether it is the formation of the future citizens and future employees through our educational system and vocational training, health, roads or public transport they use, housing helped, the childhood and the elderly home, grants to companies,.? Concerning absenteeism of staff, employees of private companies have been absent for health reasons 16.6 days per year on average in 2013. In the public service, these judgments are valued at 13 days per year for the public service of the State, 16.3 days a year in the public hospital and 21.7 days per year for the territorial public service, where women, frequently absent, particularly because we count in disease days related to motherhood and care of sick childrenrepresent 61% of personnel. On the other hand, the idea that officials are still on strike is a myth to be slaughtered. There each year less than two million days lost due to strikes in the public service of the State, an average, less than one day per agent and per year. In addition, in the public service of the State, any shorter than a day strike is sanctioned the effective withdrawal of at least a day’s salary, when in the private sector or the other slopes of the public service an hour to strike is penalized one removed wage-hour. On working time, it is very common to hear that teachers are working less than employees in the private sector. Yet, and it is the Ministry of national education that says, the invisible work of teachers (preparation of the class, course, corrections, documentation, follow-up of students, participation in juries, visit of internship, working meetings, meeting with the parents,.) gate their average working hours to 44 hours per week for teachers of first degree and 43 hours for teachers certified in the second degree. During their holidays, teachers work an average of 20 days, according to the same surveys of the Ministry of national education. Finally, to defeat undermined the idea that officials resist any innovation and their unions refused reforms, believed that public services could cope with the needs arising from the evolution of the society without changing themselves and innovate? The public education Department, for example, could triple the percentage of an age class accessing the Bachelor since 1970 without deeply evolve his methods? As to the trade unions, not only they are not hostile to reforms but they offer, and ask that the agents are involved in their design and their implementation. Only, when in the spirit of the rulers the word reform is that the screen of a dominant concern, namely to reduce costs to reduce the taxes of the wealthiest, in return it is clear that the meaning and the contents of the word reform are not the same for unions who wear them and the public power that implements. It is not easy to fight against received ideas, especially when they are constantly repeated and disseminated by the media without questioning or political personnel who discount, by dint of denigrating the administration, be able to downsize with the consent of the citizens. Yet, public opinion, even if it leaves sometimes win by what I call the official-bashing, resists this undermines business because citizens know how public services and their agents, each day guarantors of defence of interest general, they need and contribute, by all users access rights and the effectiveness of these rightsto maintain social cohesion well blunted by tax and economic policies still more unequal. . Related facts can be read reading http://soliver4.janeaustenpages.com.